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我国无侦-5型无人侦察机环亚娱乐平台

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  我国无侦-5型无人侦察机

  

  

  The WuZhen-5 (WZ-5, also known as ChangHong-1) jet-powered unmanned reconnaissance aerial vehicle (URAV) was developed by Beijing Institute of Aeronautics (now Beijing University of Aeronautics & Astronautics, BUAA) based on the U.S. AQM-34N Firebee, but its ground control equipment is a Chinese indigenous design. The WZ-5 is China’s first operational URAV and entered service with the PLAAF in 1981. The improved variant WZ-5A was introduced in 1999. BUAA is currently developing a new model as the WZ-5s successor.

  无侦(WuZhen)-5(WZ-5,也便是长虹(ChangHong)-1)喷气式无人侦察机(URAV)由北京航空学院(现在北京航空航天大学,BUAA)根据美国AQM-34N型火蜂(Firebee)开展,可是它的地上操控设备是我国本国规划。WZ-5是我国第一种可操作的URAV并在1981年进入PLAAF执役。改进型WZ-5A在1999年推出。BUAA现在正在开展一种新的类型当作WZ-5的替代者。w66利来

  The PLA shot down several AQM-34N Firebee URAV operated by the U.S. Strategic Air Command during their missions over China mainland and North Vietnam in the 1960s. At least one Firebee was recovered by the PLA in relatively good conditions. The uav was later carefully inspected by the Chinese engineers for possible reverse-engineering. In 1969 Beijing Institute of Aeronautics (now BUAA) took the lead to develop an indigenous optical-camera URAV based on the AQM-34N. The development programme consisted of three primary sub-systems: UAV airframe, WP-11 turbojet engine, and the ground control equipment.

  在1960年PLA在我国大陆和越南北部上空击落被美国操作正在履行它们使命的几架AQM-34N火蜂URAV。至少一架火蜂在相对无缺情况下被PLA找回。UAV后来被我国工程师仔细检查用于可能存在的逆向-工程。1969年在北京航空学院(现在BUAA)带领下开展根据AQM-34N型的本国光学-相机URAV。开展计划由三个首要的子系统所组成:UAV机身、WP-11涡轮喷气发动机和地上操控设备。

  Beijing Institute of Aeronautics (BIA) used parts recovered from the Firebee wreckages to assemble two prototypes for flight tests in 1972 and these flew successfully. An additional two prototypes using Chinese-made parts made their first flight successfully in 1976. BIA also set up a UAV design and research centre responsible for the development and manufacturing of the URAV. The Chinese-made Firebee known as WZ-5 passed its design certification test in 1978 and the URAV entered PLAAF service in 1981.

  1972年北京航空学院(BIA)运用从坠毁火蜂收回的部件组装了两架原型用于飞翔测验并成功飞翔。别的两架原型运用我国制作的部件在1976年成功进行了初次飞翔。北京航空学院也树立一个UAV规划和研究中心担任开展和制作URAV。环亚娱乐平台!我国制作的火蜂 便是WZ-5在1978年通过了它的规划判定测验,并且URAV在1981年进入PLAAF执役。

  The WZ-5 was reported to have taken part in the China-Vietnam border conflict in the 1980s and played an important role in collecting valuable military intelligence. A total of nine examples were built. BUAA began to develop an improved variant possibly known as WZ-5A in 1995 and the URAV made its first flight in 1999. The WZ-5A is fitted with a combined inertial and gps navigation system for improved accuracy.

  WZ-5在1980年参与我国-越南边境抵触并在搜集有价值的军事情报方面扮演重要人物。总数九架样机被制作。在1995年BUAA开端开展一种改进型可能便是WZ-5A并且URAV在1999年作了它的初次飞翔。WZ-5A配备有一套组合惯性和GPS导航系统用于进步精度。

  The WZ-5 has mid-mounted, swept-back wings with angular tips. The engine is a bulging jet on the belly with an oval air intake and round exhaust. The fuselage is round and tapered front and rear with a pointed nose and tail cone and a belly fin. The tail flats are high-mounted, swept-back with a swept-back and tapered fin. The WZ-5 was originally carried by the modified Tu-4 Bull bomber, and later by the Shaanxi Aircraft Company Y-8E (An-12 Cub copy) turboprop transport.

  WZ-5选用中-置、后掠机翼。发动机在腹部凸起选用一个椭圆形进气口和圆形排气口。圆形机身和锥形前部和尾部选用一个尖形前鼻和尾锥和一个腹鳍。后掠上置尾垂翼连同一个后掠锥形尾平翼。WZ-5开始被通过修正的Tu-4公牛轰炸机带着,稍后被陕西(Shaanxi)飞机公司Y-8E(An-12幼狐仿造型)涡轮螺旋桨运输机。

  During its mission, the WZ-5 UAV is first carried by its carrier aircraft to the target zone, and then released at the altitude between 4,000 and 5,000m. The UAV then automatically climb to its operational altitude of 17,500m. Once entering the target zone, the UAV flies under the autopilot, which is pre-programmed with flight parameters such as altitude, path, speed, duration and range. After completing its mission, the UAV returns to the recovering zone, and then was recovered by parachute under remote control.

  在它的使命期间,WZ-5 UAV被它的运载飞机首要带着到方针地域,然后在4,000和5,000米高度开释。UAV然后主动爬升到17,500米操作高度。一但进入方针地域,UAV飞翔在主动驾驶仪操控下飞翔,预-编程飞翔参数,像是高度、途径、速度、续飞时刻和航程。在完结它的使命之后,“无人机”专项整治 具有者有必要存案挂,UAV返回到收回区域,然后在遥控下选用降落伞收回。

  The WZ-5 is fairly obsolete comparing to the modern Western-designed URAVs. It can only operate in day light period, and does not have the real-time datalink to transmit the imagery information to the ground. In addition, the WZ-5 can only fly according to the pre-programmed flight parameters, and cannot adjust its speed, altitude, and path according to the change of enemy air defence and weather. The ground control does not have any real-time control over the UAV.

  WZ-5与现代西方规划的URAV比较是过期的。它只能在白日光照期操作,并且没有实时数据链传送图画数据到地上。除此之外,WZ-5只是按照预-编程飞翔参数飞翔,并且不能够按照敌人防空和气候改变调整它速度、高度和途径。地上操控不能实时操控空中的UAV。

  The fuselage of the WZ-5 consists of six sections: the radar compartment, the camera compartment, the fuel tank, the engine compartment, the avionics compartment, and the parachute compartment. The UAV has five camera windows, and is fitted with day-light and infrared cameras for imagery intelligence (IMINT) missions. The aerial photos are stored on the films carried inside the UAV fuselage.

  WZ-5的机身由六个部件所组成:雷达舱、产品复盘:为何这款产品会...!照相机舱、燃料箱、发动机舱、航空电子舱和降落伞舱。UAV有五扇照相机窗口,并且配备有昼-光和红外照相机用于图画情报(IMINT)使命。空中照相储存在胶片上在UAV机身内带着。

  The WZ-5 is powered by a WP-11 turbojet, rated at 8.33kN dry.

  WZ-5由一台WP-11型涡喷射动机供给动力,额外8.33kN净推力。

  Specifications

  Dimentions: Wingspan 9.76m; Length 8.97m; Height 2.18m
 

  Weight: Empty 1,060kg; Maximum take-off 1,700kg; Mission equipment 65kg; Fuel 620kg
 

  Speed: Max 800km/h (at 17,500m altitude)
 

  Range: 2,500km
 

  Flight Endurance: 3 hous
 

  Service Ceiling: 17,500m

  标准

  外形尺寸:翼展 9.76 米;机长 8.97 米;机高 2.18 米
 

  分量: 空重 1,060 公斤;最大起飞分量 1,700 公斤;使命设备 65 公斤;燃料 620 公斤
 

  速度: 最大 800 公里/小时(在 17,500 米高度)
 

  航程: 2,500 公里
 

  续飞时刻: 3 小时
 

  升限: 17,500 米

  Last update: 25 March 2007
 

  最终更新:2007年3月25日

  

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